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The short detailed history on Ramadan or Ramazan Festival
Jun 23, 2017
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 The detailed short history on Ramadan or Ramazan Festival

Ramadan or Ramazan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. As the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, the beginning and end of the month is marked by a new moon.

Islamic History

According to Islamic history, it was in this month that God passed wisdom to the prophet that was compiled in the first few verses of the Quran(Koran), the holy book of Islam, which contains the code of conduct all Muslims live by. Following Ramadan is a way of celebrating and respecting the Prophet and focusing on spiritual growth.

What exactly Ramadan is about ?

Ramadan is a time for those following it to practise self restraint. Refraining from food is just one of the aspects, which is why it's often only associated with fasting. One should refrain from all things earthly and 'impure' during daylight or fasting hours. Besides food and drink, sexual activity, negative thoughts, lies, unkindness, and all sorts of negativity fall under this category; it's quite open to interpretation.

This restraint is one of the five main pillars; one of the core principles of Islam. It is 'sawm' in Arabic; the word itself is often translated as fasting rather than restraint. The other five pillars are shahādah, a profession of faith; ṣalāt, ritual prayer; zakāt, obligatory alms to benefit the poor and the needy, and hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca.

But it's not simply about restraint; it's also a time for spiritual reflection, prayer and devotion. People observing the fast are supposed to hold back from impure thoughts and actions and focus on positive and godly ones. Besides prayer and reflection, positive actions such as charity or volunteering are encouraged. One is advised to read the Quran(Koran) in entirety and reflect on its teachings.

What happens in the month

During Ramadan month, from sunrise to sunset, one has to practice this self restraint and attempt some spiritual growth. The day begins with Fajr, the first prayer and there are several other prayers during the day; after sunset is Iftar, the meal that breaks the fast. Traditionally Iftar starts with dates as Muhammad broke fast with three dates however, it's not necessary to follow the same. In many places Iftar parties are common, with food served plentifully in buffets and celebrations lasting late.

The last time to eat is right before dawn and this pre-dawn meal is called suhur. Suhur must stop before the sun rises and often those practising wake up early for it. It's followed by Fajr, post sunrise.